Sonntag, 4. Juli 2010

Quote of the Day - The Small Things in Ethno-National Conflicts

If there is one region I haven't travelled to, it is Central Asia (I haven't been to Latin America either, but we won't tell anyone, right?). So I am puzzled, when I learnt that two ethnic groups clashed so violently in Kyrgyzstan that to me appeared so much alike. An act of violence that seems to be totally random, to say the least. On the other hand most ethnic conflicts seem to be concerned with nonsense-issues. I've been to Georgia in early 2009 and would have had trouble to point to a difference between Georgians and South Ossetians and I would bet that peacekeepers in Bosnia in the early 1990s faced the same difficulties when trying to protect the Bosnian cities, the UN had declared to be UN Protection Zones. Well, in Slate, Christopher Hitchens tries to come up with an answer. So here is the quote of the day:

Reviewing the sudden spasm of violence between the Uzbek minority and the Kyrgyz majority in Kyrgyzstan recently, many commentators were at a loss to explain why the two peoples should so abruptly have turned upon one another. Explanations range from official pandering to Kyrgyz nationalism, to sheer police and army brutality, to provocations from Taliban-style militias hoping to create another Afghanistan, but none go very far in analyzing why intercommunal relations became so vicious so fast. As if to make the question still more opaque, several reports stressed the essential similarity—ethnic, linguistic, cultural—between the Kyrgyz and Uzbek populations.

But that in itself could well be the explanation. In numerous cases of apparently ethno-nationalist conflict, the deepest hatreds are manifested between people who—to most outward appearances—exhibit very few significant distinctions. It is one of the great contradictions of civilization and one of the great sources of its discontents, and Sigmund Freud even found a term for it: "the narcissism of the small difference." As he wrote, "It is precisely the minor differences in people who are otherwise alike that form the basis of feelings of hostility between them."

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